Scientists at Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) have used lasers to determine for the first time how specific vibrations in a water molecule affect its ability to dissociate into its atomic components. Many chemical reactions are assisted with catalysts. Natural gas (methane) can be converted using water and a nickel catalyst being reduced into […]

The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC) used ultrafast, ultrabright X-ray pulses of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) to enable unprecedented views of a catalyst in action, an important step in the effort to develop cleaner and more efficient energy sources. The SLAC used LCLS, together with computerized simulations, to reveal surprising […]

We usually think of catalysts as metals, often the rare and expensive platinum.  So when chemists at Boston College announce they’ve designed a new class of organic molecule catalysts triggered by the charge of a single proton, one’s attention is seized.  The team reports in the most recent edition of the journal Nature the new […]

University of Minnesota engineering researchers leading a team with international members have made a major breakthrough in developing a catalyst used during chemical reactions in the production of gasoline, plastics, biofuels, pharmaceuticals, and other chemicals. The discovery could lead to major efficiencies and cost-savings in these multibillion-dollar industries. This research improves efficiencies by giving molecules […]

Chemical reactions on the surface of metal oxides, such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide, are in for a new look.  Chemical reactions that change the oxidation state of molecules on the surface of metal oxides have been seen historically as a transfer solely of electrons. The new research shows that, at least in some […]

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