Kanazawa University researchers have found a novel carboxylate-type liquid zwitterion they developed as a solvent of biomass, which could dissolve cellulose with very low toxicity to microorganisms. Use of this novel solvent enables a significant reduction of energy cost for ethanol production from non-food biomass. Thus, second-generation biofuel ethanol production is in sight of practical […]

University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass) scientists have developed a more efficient, easily processed and lightweight solar cell that can use virtually any metal for the electrode, effectively breaking the “electrode barrier.” Polymer scientists and synthetic chemists have been working for decades to improve the power conversion efficiency of organic solar cells. The effort has been […]