North Carolina State University’s chemical and biomolecular engineer Dr. Phillip Westmoreland and doctoral student Vikram Seshadri looked at the molecular level when wood is rapidly heated to high temperatures in the absence of oxygen, a decomposition process known as pyrolysis. Much of the energy that can be extracted from wood exists in the cell wall […]

A research team at Bielefeld University has made a groundbreaking discovery that one plant, the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, not only engages in photosynthesis, but also has an alternative source of energy: it can draw it out from other plants. Plants need water and light to grow using sunlight energy to produce their biomass from […]

The Fraunhofer Center for Chemical-Biotechnological Processes (CBP) has a very different take on using wood.  Refine it into the main component parts similar to what is done with crude oil. Fraunhofer working jointly with 12 partners from industry and research institutions recently developed a process that enables them to use 80 to 90 percent of […]

A new Purdue University-developed process for creating biofuels called H2Bioil heats biomass rapidly to about 500 degrees Celsius in the presence of pressurized hydrogen. Resulting gases are passed over catalysts, causing reactions that separate oxygen from carbon molecules and adding hydrogen (hydrodeoxygenation), making the carbon molecules high in energy content, similar to gasoline molecules. The […]

Hardwood tree specialists know something that the fuel tree innovators are about to catch on to.  Tension wood that forms naturally in hardwood trees in response to bending stress is known to possess unique features that render it desirable as a bioenergy feedstock. So taking the hint, researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s BioEnergy […]

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