Researchers at MIT and in Saudi Arabia say they have found an economical solution to cleaning out the biggest pollutant from hydraulic fracturing oil and gas wells. The pollutant is salt in the water used to fracture the rock, that’s much saltier than seawater, after leaching salts from deep below the surface. The boom in [...]

Khanh-Quang Tran, an associate professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology’s (NTNU) Department of Energy and Process Engineering turns 79% of kelp into bio-oil. Kelp, also known as seaweed, offers all of the advantages of a biofuel feedstock with the additional benefit of growing, not surprisingly, in the ocean. Tran conducted preliminary studies [...]

Massachusetts Institute of Technology scientists have identified a new way to boost yeast tolerance to ethanol by simply altering the composition of the medium in which the yeast are grown. Yeasts are commonly used to remake sugar, corn starch and other plant materials into biofuels such as ethanol, but high concentrations of ethanol can be [...]

Scientists at Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) have developed a new and efficient way of producing hydrogen fuel from sunlight and water. Connecting together solar cells made with a mineral called perovskite and the team’s low cost electrodes achieves a 12.3 percent conversion efficiency from solar energy to hydrogen. The profusion of tiny bubbles [...]

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UI) scientists report some of the best microbial candidates to make biofuel actually may reside in the human lower intestine. Researchers have looked far and wide for microbes that break down hemicellulose focusing over the past years on termite gut microbes because they breakdown wood tissues effectively and cow stomach [...]

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