An independent test report of Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat HT2 is available at the Cornell University Library archive.  The team, seemingly led by Hanno Essén of the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden included four collaborators from Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden with Mr. Rossi’s old friend Giuseppe Levi of Bologna University and Evelyn Foschi of Bologna Italy.

The team collected data over two experimental runs lasting 96 and 116 hours, respectively.  Anomalous heat production was indicated in both experiments.  It would appear fairly conclusively the E-Cat HT2 works.

Using the most conservative assumptions as to the errors in the measurements, the result is energy production still one order of magnitude greater than conventional energy sources and could be as high a three orders of magnitude.

E-Cat HT2 Test Apparatus March of 2013. Click image for more info.

E-Cat HT2 Test Apparatus March of 2013. Click image for more info.

As noted the independent test was run with people quite familiar to Mr. Rossi.  This is no particular surprise.  It is in fact to be expected both as to the need for expertise as well as familiarity.  None of the real world circumstances are going to satisfy the skeptics, critics and naysayers.  But the report paper is generously offered to anyone who cares to look and offers a quite thorough look at the protocols and procedures with worthwhile insight to the device and its performance.

The test is also noteworthy in that the financial support for the team came from and is credited to the private Alba Langenskiöld Foundation and commercial firm ELFORSK AB.  This too is not a surprise as close watchers have noted that the Swedes are following closely and have begun their effort to commercialize the technology.

The test set out to determine if the E-Cat HT2 is a net energy producer.  The test design is patterned on an open flame method where the measurements are of radiated heat rather than immersion in water for a convection transfer.  This method makes no assumptions about the nature of the E-Cat HT2 reaction or the contents of the reactor.  Thus no conditions are made for the presumed LENR or Cold Fusion activity, the heat is measured the same way you would measure an electrically heated cylinder or a gas flame combusting inside a cylinder.

The test result paper has come out a little over a month after the event.  The test took place at Rossi’s facility in Italy.  The apparatus used was provided by the test team.

It’s a pretty clean test.  Of course lots of folks can poke holes, but the team, its financial backers and interested commercial interests got what they wanted.

The cleanliness is important.  Using the test to determine the source of the energy output would only complicate the protocols.  The point wasn’t how, rather a simple “does it or does it not”.  Why bother with the how until you have a concrete “it does.”

That leads to the news the next test experiment, which is expected to start in the summer of 2013; to last about six months is to be a long-term performance test of the E-Cat HT2. That test will be crucial for further attempts to unveil the origin of the heat phenomenon observations.

Rossi has enough prescience to grasp that commercial use has to lead the science research needed to gain understanding.  Surely the established science community is watching, but established science works on well, established science, where expertise and depth of understanding can delve further into the particular fields.

Cold Fusion got blown as soon as labels were applied from familiar fields, which threatened the established knowledge.  It’s a sorry situation when human natures need to associate the new with the old fails and drags the wholly new into science oblivion.

Cold Fusion, LENR or other labels are all addressing a basic truth – it’s a new field, fantastically exciting, packed with potential, and the most compellingly interesting thing since germs and radiation.


Comments

10 Comments so far

  1. Matt Musson on May 22, 2013 11:12 AM

    Rumors are that the nickel is transmutted to a nickel isotope and then decays into copper – giving off heat.

  2. Hitch69 on May 22, 2013 12:08 PM

    Why are you so obsessed with this guy? When other technologies offer a far greater potential? Maybe a decade ago this was news. But you yourself know better than anyone – this guy, even if he is straight up is little more than a piece in the puzzle.

    Your article says it quite clearly – none of what he claims is repeatable – why invest the webspace?

  3. BFast on May 22, 2013 2:17 PM

    New Energy,
    Thank you for being on this. You have been diligent to follow LENR since its rebirth in 2011. In particular your Dec 10, 2012 article, “The Inconceivable Embarrassment From Cold Fusion” was refreshing.

    The LENR blogs, of course, have been all over this. However the more general sites like yours have all but missed it. You, along with Forbes, and Oilprice are the visionaries that will help to bring in this energy revolution.

  4. psi on May 22, 2013 3:07 PM

    @ Hitch69:

    You are clearly not following the story. Unless the findings documented in this study are incorrect, Rossi is much more than “a piece in the puzzle.” Also, your statement as to the lack of replicability is not very accurate. The fundamentals of what Rossi is doing have been replicated many times in various labs all over the world. It would appear, however, that he is in the lead in terms of commercializing the science, and that is certainly newsworthy.

  5. walker on May 22, 2013 5:19 PM

    I believe nickle transmutation is according to latest information Rossi has given, only a very small percentage of the energy produced.

    Also people need to pay attention to e=mc^2

    Rossi said in a recent interview that the charge for the the reactor is about the size of a whisky shot glass. It gets replaced every six months, as part of the maintenance cycle but the amount of nickle transmuted is below what could be measured with any degree of accuracy.

    The primary fuel seems to be the hydrogen loaded into the crystal lattice of the nickle powder.

    The nickle has a great affinity for hydrogen and sucks it up like a vacuum cleaner, the nickle is in the form of a crystal lattice that constricts and compresses the hydrogen atoms that are packed into the nickle in a loading process that is part of the secret sauce.

    Vibrations caused by heating, and electrical frequency stimulation of the electrons, cause the hydrogen electrons to oscillate, the constriction of the crystal structure leaves the electrons few paths to oscillate along, and probably the expansion of the Nickle Crystal caused by heating cause the constriction to become tighter, in order not to bump into each other hydrogen electrons resonate swinging together in the same direction like the balls in an office toy along the interfaces of the crystal structure setting up a resonance wave like the suspension bridge that destroyed itself in a light wind.

    The constriction of the lattice means the hydrogen electrons exhibit less of their quantum nature as the position of the electron becomes more and more defined by the increasingly constricted crystal interface path they are forced to oscillate along, and by the energy placed in them by electrical frequency stimulation and heat the resonant path, essentially becoming more and more classical and defined in their position until they are following a very narrow thin elliptical orbit almost like an electron laser.

    Then at the surface of the crystal and within cracks in the crystal and in complex fractal surfaces created by various treatments to the crystal by the various LENR inventors and researchers like Rossi. The electrons in these surfaces are both highly charged and not in alignment with the subsurface crystal structure or the channels that the ocilating long orbit electrons follow.

    The channeled ocilating electrons act like lasers that are then focused via the surface effects where the constrictions of the nickel electron shells change, analageous to the surface of a liquid such as water refracts light passing through it, focusing them on to both themselves resulting in inelastic electron collisions and the nuclei of atoms of both gaseous hydrogen at the crystals surface and clustered at the channels trying to get in to the crystal and the solids comprising the nickel crystal and the materials used to create the fractal surface.

    I suspect the majority of the energy is these extreme eliptical orbit with electrons in the hydrongen atoms clustered arround the entrances to the channels but also from adjacent crystal structure channels surface focused together where electrons are having inelastic collisions of electrons; along with some coliding with the nuclei of surface atoms of the fractal surface.

  6. Benjamin Cole on May 23, 2013 12:30 AM

    An “independent” test but with a friend on the testing team?

    Can we try to get serious?

    If Rossi has something that works, bring it on baby, form a JV with GE and rule the world, and roll in riches for the rest of your life, and deservedly so.

    Plus short oil and gas stocks and quadruple your billions of dollars…..

  7. walker on May 23, 2013 2:47 AM

    In Reply to Benjamin Cole

    The first commercial customer of Rossi’s E-Cat took delivery of the 1st Certified Commercial 1Mw E-Cat Plant at the start of this month, they did a 24 hour test in the Italian factory then shipped it off to the US along with research versions of the later E-Cat HT.

    They Arrived in the US this week for a Six month commercial test run. Companies believed to be working with Leonardo Corp in the US, It is a US company, are GE and Siemans. Both companies recently went a 9 month Combined Heat and Power (CHP) manufacturing capacity buying spree spending billions on them, Siemens put in a bid for one marine CHP manufactury that was working with Rossi of 1.5 Billion the company was originaly worth a couple of hundred million the Kicker? Siemens got outbid!

    Rossi’s E-Cat is the heat source for a CHP.

  8. Benjamin Cole on May 23, 2013 11:38 PM

    Walker-

    You think. Except, you do not know.

    You do not know the name of the buyer, who may, or may not exist, and who may, or may not, be happy with that they bought.

    Oh, they sold to Leonardo Corp? You think? This gets better.

    “In the US Rossi started the consulting firm Leonardo Technologies, Inc.”

    So Rossi “sold” a unit to another company of his, and called it sale?

    Why does everything Rossi do have big elements of smoke and mirrors?

  9. The Latest on Rossi and Cold Fusion | Earth's Energy on May 25, 2013 4:12 PM

    [...] See the comments at NEW ENERGY AND FUEL, The Rossi E-CAT HT2 Test Report. [...]

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